Persalinan pada Ibu Berusia Kurang dari 20 Tahun di RSUD Kabupaten Buleleng
Keywords:High risk baby, Childbirth outcome, High risk pregnancy, Perinatal, Maternal age less than 20 years
Background: Pregnancy with less than 20 years of age is an important problem because it belongs to the high risk group. This is related to the increased risk of maternal complications during pregnancy and childbirth, as well as in the perinatal. From the preliminary study, the incidence of maternity mothers aged less than 20 years old at Buleleng Regency Hospital in 2021 was 7.3%. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to look at the picture of childbirth in mothers less than 20 years old. Method: This study used descriptive methods with a sample of all babies born to maternity mothers aged less than 20 years at Buleleng Regency Hospital for the period September - December 2021 as many as 236 study subjects. Results: The results of this study obtained an average maternal age of 17.2 years, an average gestational age of 36.9 weeks, an average birth weight of 2791.2 grams, a 1 minute 72% normal Apgar score, a 5-minute Apgar score of 76.7% normal, no incidence of congenital abnormalities, a stillbirth event of 4.2%, the distribution of events based on maternal age is more found in the mother's age is more found in the mother group aged 16-19 years. Conclusion: There are still many pregnancies in mothers less than 20 years old, there is no incidence of congenital abnormalities, still the incidence of stillbirth.
Affandi B. Kesehatan Reproduksi dan Upaya Kesehatan Maternal di Indonesia. Orasi pada PIT XVIII?POGI. Jakarta: 2018.
Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional. Laporan Hasil Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta: 2021.
Hamidah S. Kebidanan Komunitas. Jakarta: EGC, 2017: 47-52.
Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (IDAI). Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah. Standar Pelayanan Medis Kesehatan Anak. Jakarta : EGC, 2014: 159.
Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Data/Informasi Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Barat. Bandung: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia: 2012.
Kusmiati. Panduan Lengkap Perawatan Kehamilan. Yogyakarta: Fitramaya, 2018.
Lindberg L, Freya GV, Leighton WE, Martinez G. Impact of maternal age: Profile of young adolescents attendinga teen family planning clinic. Adolescence. 2012. 27(1):647–654
Manuaba IGB. Pengantar Kuliah Obstetri. Jakarta: EGC, 2012.
Manuaba IGB. Kepaniteraan Klinik Obstetri dan Ginekologi. Jakarta: EGC.
Meilani N. Kebidanan Komunitas. Yogyakarta: Fitramaya, 2019.
Morton H, Bech BH, Davies MJ, Frydenberg M, Henriksen TB, Olsen J. Prepregnancy obesity and fetal death: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort. Obstet Gynecol. 2015;106(2):250-9.
Notoatmodjo S. Metodologi Penelitian kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Asdi Mahasatya, 2018: 26-40.
Sastrawinata S. Ilmu Kesehatan Reproduksi. Jakarta: EGC, 2016: 134-46.
Ratnaningrum K, Santosa E. The risk of respiratory disorder at the newborn Medical Faculty. Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta, 2017.
World Health Organization (WHO). Development of a strategy towards promoting optimal fetal growth.